CRC Irrigation Futures
Future Irrigation: Practice and Technology

Leaders:
Prof Steven Raine
Summary:
The Future Irrigation – Practice and Technology program is focused on providing the leadership and capacity to capture, develop and promote new irrigation practices, technologies and management systems to ensure the social, economic and environmental sustainability of the urban, peri-urban and rural irrigation sectors. Services provided by program staff will include the identification and development of tools and techniques to enable the industry to double the value of irrigated output while reducing the volume of water required to be diverted for both urban and rural irrigation.
Progress:
June 06

The Future Irrigation program has addressed the needs of irrigators and those who advise, support and supply irrigation dependent enterprises. This has been achieved through research projects which work across commodities, regions and States.

New information has been developed on the plant response to new irrigation methods, urban residential and sports groundwater use and availability and use of software tools. New tools have been developed to evaluate dam evaporation reduction options, improve grower management of irrigation systems and provide estimates of evapotranspiration across Australia on a daily basis. New equipment has been developed for measuring on-farm dam storage volumes and losses, assessing the performance of surface irrigation systems and measuring deep drainage losses.

Generating new insights into practice

New information on innovative irrigation management practices has been developed. Within the Improving the Precision of Irrigation project, the use of partial rootzone drying and regulated deficit irrigation practices have been assessed in crops from pears to cotton. The Open Hydroponics project has examined the intensive, innovative horticultural management practice which uses almost continuous irrigation with nutrient enriched water. The irrigation and nutrition management principles used by open hydroponics systems can be efficient but the level of efficiency is directly linked to the implementation of good management. A preliminary ecological risk assessment identified several major risks to sensitive catchments from open hydroponics.

The Improving the Precision of Irrigation project is developing the tools and frameworks for assessing and determining the importance of crop variation across the paddock. Based on this, the potential of adapting irrigation systems to deliver variable rate irrigation applications can be assessed within both biophysical and profitability frameworks.

There is surprisingly little information on the use of water for irrigation in our own backyards and parks. Over summer, the Urban Irrigation project measured water use across fifty homes in Sydney to determine that irrigation of our gardens and lawns accounted for 34% of total household water use (November – March).

The Software for Best Use of Water project has identified nineteen software packages developed for improving management of water on-farm. By compiling and publishing information on each of the software packages, the project has highlighted the strengths and weaknesses of software currently available. This will guide decisions regarding further development and use.



Tools for improving performance

As the value of water increases, growers and advisors are being asked to understand and manage their irrigation storage and distribution systems with greater precision. New tools are required to support these decisions. The Improving the Precision of Irrigation project has provided an economic ready reckoner to assist irrigators evaluate alternative evaporation reduction strategies for on-farm water storages. At the farm level, the project has delivered a tool for choosing the optimal irrigation system for dairy farms. In the paddock, tools have been developed for improving grower management of centre pivots and lateral move irrigation machines and refining performance of travelling gun irrigation machines.

The Evapotranspiration project has delivered, via the SILO meteorological data platform, evapotranspiration values for any location in Australia on a daily basis with estimates going back over 100 years. This information provides a common basis for calculating crop water requirements for use in many situations, from irrigation system design through to regional planning. The Evapotranspiration project has also delivered value to CRC members who are able to access this information for free over the SILO web site.

Developing and Improving Technologies

The project, Improving the Precision of Irrigation has continued the development of the IrrimateTM surface irrigation assessment package. The project has delivered improved in-field sensors and wireless networking capability. These technology developments have been parallelled with developments in the analysis tools and conceptual understanding. Techniques and understanding of how infiltration parameters can be obtained and used to create a real-time control system for furrow irrigation, have the potential to drive the next generation of application. Much of this underpinning work has been undertaken by CRC postgraduate students associated with the project.

The Future Irrigation program has brought together a number of groups developing technologies for understanding deep drainage and the movement and uptake of soil solutes (salts and nitrates). An evaluation of the LongstopTM soil water and nutrient monitoring sensor has been undertaken in heavy textured soils (Vertosols) for the first time. The development of drainage lysimeters has provided measurements of water leaving the rootzone in Vertosols. Results from this work have helped the industry change its view of so called “leak proof” Vertosols.

Components from the different groups have combined with the Impact of Salinity on Lower Murray Horticulture project from the System Sustainability program to develop a greater understanding on how to interpret the solutes collected from Longstop, drainage lysimeters and soil water extraction systems. This new knowledge is required to develop tools for monitoring and managing rootzone salinity under precision irrigation. Examples of their use can be found in the utilisation section (4.1).

The Future Irrigation project has obtained a provisional patent on a vision-based system for real-time measurement of plant growth and other parameters suitable for input into irrigation control systems.

Crossing Programs

The Future Irrigation program has significant connection with the Education program with seventeen postgraduate students benefiting through interaction and formal training workshops provided by the program. The postgraduate students also greatly benefit from the research framework provided by the program. This framework allows postgraduate research outputs to be rapidly integrated into industry practice and the development of new tools and technologies.

Interactions with the other research programs have grown over the last three years. The Future Irrigation and System Sustainability programs have worked closely in the area of salinity management. This relationship is ensuring tools for managing salinity are integrated from the paddock to the catchment. The Future Irrigation program has also joined forces with the Policy and Planning for Change program to understand the extension and technology transfer process.

Externally funded activities have played a major role in facilitating industry engagement and supporting the delivery of the Future Irrigation program outcomes. Support from the following organisations has been obtained to date; Sydney Water, National Program for Sustainable Irrigation, Cotton Research and Development Corporation, River Murray Catchment Board, Dairy Australia, Queensland Murray-Darling Basin Committee Inc, Toowoomba City Council and the Murrumbidgee Catchment Management Authority.
Projects:
- Tools and techniques for improving the precision of irrigation
- Software for Best Use of Water on Farm
- Development of a nationally standardised Evapotranspiration reference and regional crop coefficients
- Urban Irrigation in Sydney Metropolitan Area Developing Strategies for Efficient Irrigation
- Open Hydroponics: Risks And Opportunities
Publications:
Author Title and Refereed Journal
Emdad, MR. Raine, SR. and Smith, RJ. and Fardad, H. (2004) Effect of irrigation water quality on soil structure and infiltration under furrow irrigation Irrigation Science
Goodwin, I. Whitfield, DM. and Connor, DJ. (2004) The relationship between peach tree water use and effective canopy cover Acta Horticulturae
Inman-Bamber, NG. Bohnet, GD. Smith, DM. Thorburn, PJ. (2005) Sugarcane physiology: Integrating from cell to crop to advance sugarcane production Field Crops Research
Inman-Bamber, NG. and McGlinchey, MG. (2003) Crop coefficients and water-use estimates for sugarcane based on long-term Bowen ratio energy balance measurements Field Crops Research
Inman-Bamber, NG. and Smith, DM. (2005) Water relations in sugarcane and responsive to water deficits Field Crops Research
Lisson, SN. Inman-Bamber, NG. Robertson, MJ. and Keating, BA. (2005) The historical and future contribution of crop physiology and modelling research to sugarcane production systems Field Crops Research
O'Connell, MG. and Goodwin, I. (2004) Pear water relations under partial rootzone drying Acta Horticulturae
Park, SE. Robertson, MJ. and Inman-Bamber, NG. (2005) Decline in the growth of a sugarcane crop with age under high input conditions Field Crops Research
Smith, RJ. Raine, SR. and Minkovich, J. (2005) Irrigation application efficiency and deep drainage potential under surface irrigated cotton Agricultural Water Management
Stirzaker, RJ. (2003) When to turn the water off: scheduling micro-irrigation with a wetting front detector Irrigation Science
Gillies, M.H. & Smith R.J. (2005) Infiltration parameters from surface irrigation advance and run-off data Irrigation Science
Khatri, KL. & Smith, RJ. (2006) Real-time prediction of soil infiltration characteristics for the management of furrow irrigation Irrigation Science
Khatri, K.L. & Smith, R.J. (2005) Evaluation of methods for determining infiltration parameters from irrigation advance data Irrigation and Drainage
Gibbings, P. and Raine, S.R. (2005) Evaluation of a low cost hydrographic technique to measure on-farm water storage volumes Agricultural Water Management
Humphreys E., Lewin L.G., Khan S., Beecher H.G., Lacy J.M., Thompson J.A., Batten G.D., Brown A., Russell C.A., Christen E.W., Dunn B.W. (2006) Integration of approaches to increasing water use efficiency in rice-based systems in southeast Australia. Field Crops Research
Kaine, G., Bewsell, D., Boland, A., Linehan, C. (2005) Using market research to understand the adoption of irrigation management strategies in the stone and pome fruit industry. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
Stirzaker, R.J. and Hutchinson, P.A. (2005) Irrigation controlled by a Wetting Front Detector: field evaluation under sprinkler irrigation Australian Journal of Soil Research
Schwecke, M., Simmons, B. and Maheshwari, B. (2007) Sustainable Use of Stormwater for Irrigation. Case Study: Manly Golf Course Environmentalist
Smith, R. J., Gillies, M. H., Newell, G. and Foley, J.P. (2008) A decision support model for travelling gun irrigation machines Biosystems Engineering
Almeida C.D.G.C., Botrel T.A. and Smith R.J. (2008) Characterization of the microtube emitters used in a novel micro-sprinkler Irrigation Science
Cook, F.J., Knight, J.H. and Wooding, R.A. (2009) Steady Groundwater Flow to Drains on a Sloping Bed: Comparison of Solutions Based on Boussinesq Equation and Richards Equation Transport in Porous Media
Everingham ,Y., Baillie, C., Inman-Bamber, G. and Baillie, J. (2008) Forecasting water allocations for Bundaberg sugarcane farmers Climate Research
Inman-Bamber N.G., Bonnett G.D., Spillman M.F., Hewitt M.L., Jingsheng, X. (2009) Source–sink differences in genotypes and water regimes influencing sucrose accumulation in sugarcane stalks Crop and Pasture Science
Inman-Bamber, N.G., Bonnette, G.D., Thorburn, P.J., Garside, A., Berding, N. and Attard, S.J. (2008) Suggestions for improving agriculture and sugarcane physiology-based research. International Sugar Journal
Smith, R.J., Raine, S.R, McCarthy, A.C. and Hancock, N.H. (2009) Managing spatial and temporal variation in irrigated agriculture through adaptive control. Australian Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering
White, S.C. and Raine, S.R. (2009) Physiological response of cotton to a root zone soil moisture gradient: Implications for Partial Rootzone Drying Irrigation Journal of Cotton Science
Gillies, M.H. Smith R.J. and Raine S.R. (2007) Accounting for temporal inflow variation in the inverse solution for infiltration in surface irrigation Irrigation Science
Author Title and Report
Boland A, Falivene S, Goodwin I & Williams D (2005) Open Hydroponics: opportunities and risks stage 1 - final report LWA DAN 22 National Program for Sustainable Irrigation. Land & Water, Canberra
Craig I, Green A, Scobie M & Schmidt E (2005) Controlling evaporation loss from water storagesControlling evaporation loss from water storages National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture Publication 1000580/1, USQ, Toowoomba
Loch, R.J., Grant, C.G., McKenzie, D.C., & Raine, S.R (2005) Improving plants’ water use efficiency and potential impacts from soil structure change - Research Investment Opportunities. Final report to the National Program for Sustainable Irrigation. CRCIF Report number 3.14/1. Cooperative Research Centre for Irrigation Futures, Toowoomba
Maheshwari B & Connellan G (eds) (2004) Role of Irrigation in Urban Water Conservation: Opportunities and Challenges. Proceedings of the National Workshop on Role of Irrigation in Urban Water Conservation - Opportunities and Challenges. October 28-29 Cooperative Centre for Irrigation Futures, Toowoomba.
Raine SR, Meyer WS, Rassam DW, Hutson JL & Cook FJ (2005) Soil-water and salt movement associated with precision irrigation systems - Research investment opportunities. Final report to the National Program for Sustainable Irrigation Cooperative Research Centre for Irrigation Futures, Toowoomba
Stirzaker, R (2005) Saving water on sports ovals in Canberra, CSIRO Land and Water Client Report May 2005 CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra
Stirzaker RJ & Thomson T (2004) Full Stop at Angas Bremer: report to the Angas Bremer Water management Committee Inc. CSIRO Land and Water Client Report. CSIRO Land and Water
Stirzaker R, Stevens J, Annandale J, Maeko T, Steyn J, Mpandeli S, Maurobane W, Nkgapele J & Jovanovic N (2004) Building Capacity in Irrigation Management with Wetting Front Detectors. Report to the Water Research Commission No. TT 230/04 Water Research Commission
Misra, R., Raine, S., Pezzaniti, D., Charlesworth, P., and Hancock, N. (2005) A scoping study on measuring and monitoring tools and technology for precision irrigation CRC for Irrigation Futures, Australia
Dodds, P.E., Meyer, W.S. and Barton, A. (2005) A Review of Methods to Estimate Irrigated Reference Crop Evapotranspiration across Australia CRC for Irrigation Futures, Australia
Giddings, J. (2005) Drip irrigation – a citrus growers guide book launch Citrep – Newsletter of the Murray Valley Citrus Board
Giddings, J. (2005) Efficient irrigation in Spring and Early Summer Citrep – Newsletter of the Murray Valley Citrus Board
Giddings, J. (2005) Navelina water use Project report to Murray Valley Citrus Board
Giddings, J. (2005) Running costs of diesel, LPG and electrical pumpsets in Sunraysia The Irrigator
Giddings, J. (2005) Summer Irrigations Citrep – Newsletter of the Murray Valley Citrus Board
Giddings, J. (2005) The expansion of drip technology The Irrigator
Giddings, J. (2005) Thinking of drip irrigation? The Irrigator
Giddings, J. (2005) Irrigating citrus in late summer and upgrading to drip irrigation Citrep – Newsletter of the Murray Valley Citrus Board
Giddings, J. (2005) Irrigating citrus in winter Citrep – Newsletter of the Murray Valley Citrus Board
Giddings, J. (2005) The key to chlorinating drip irrigation systems The Irrigator
Howard, E., Misra, R., Loch, R. and Le-Minh, N. (2005) Laundry grey water potential impact on Toowoomba soils – final report Landloch and NCEA. National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture
Humphreys, E., Fawcett, B., O’Neill, C.J. and Muirhead W. (2005) Comparing sprinkler, drip and furrow irrigation Irrigation Australia
Humphreys, E., Fawcett, B., O’Neill, C.J. and Muirhead W. (2005) Maize under sprinkler, drip & furrow irrigation IREC Farmers’ Newsletter
Hutchinson, P., Knight, J., Cook, F. and Murray, W. (2005) Soil water potential and salinity system CSIRO Land and Water, Client Report
Inman-Bamber, G. and Attard, S. (2005) Inventory of Australian Software Tools for On Farm Water Management CRC for Irrigation Futures Technical Report
Raine, S.R. and Montagu, K. (2006) Improving surface irrigation application performance IREC Farmer’s Newsletter
Raine, S.R., Purcell, J. and Schmidt, E. (2006) Improving whole farm and infield irrigation efficiencies using IrrimateTM tools International Water and Irrigation 26
Schmidt, E. (2005) A Scoping Study on Opportunities for Improved Application Systems CRC for Irrigation Futures
Stirzaker, R.J. (2005) Managing irrigation with a wetting front detector UK Irrigation
Giddings, J. (2005) Filtration principles for drip irrigation The Irrigator
Stirzaker, R.J. (2006) Soil moisture monitoring: state of play and barriers to adoption CRC for Irrigation Futures, Sydney.
Maheshwari B (2006) Urban Irrigation - looking at water use in our backyardUrban Irrigation - looking at water use in our backyard Journal of Australia Water Association
Barton, A.B. and Meyer, W. S. (2008) An Analysis of Method and Meteorological Measurement for Evapotranspiration Estimation. Part 1: Results using weather data from Griffith, NSW CRC for Irrigation Futures
Barton, A.B. and Meyer, W.S. (2008) An Analysis of Method and Meteorological Measurement for Evapotranspiration Estimation. Part 2: Results using measured evapotranspiration and weather data from Ayr (Qld), Kununurra (WA) and Griffith (NSW) CRC for Irrigation Futures
McCarthy, C. (2008) Automatic non-destructive dimensional measurement of cotton plants in real-time by machine vision
Author Title and Published Conference Paper or Workshop Paper
Attard SJ., Inman-Bamber, NG., & Engelke, J. (0) Irrigation scheduling in sugarcane based on atmospheric evaporative demand Proceedings of the Australian Society of Sugarcane Technologists 25
Connellan G (0) Developing irrigation technology solutions National Workshop on Role of Irrigation in Urban Water Conservation - Opportunities and Challenges
Connellan G (0) Evaluating and benchmarking the performance of urban irrigation Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Connellan G (0) Water management planning Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Craig I, Schmit E, Green A & Scobie M (0) Controlling evaporation from on-farm storages Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Durak M (0) Urban irrigation research at the Cooperative Research Centre for Irrigation Futures National Workshop on Role of Irrigation in Urban Water Conservation – Opportunities and Challenges
Inman-Bamber NG, Attard SJ, Baillie C, Lawson D & Simpson L (0) A web-based system for planning use of limited irrigation water in sugarcane 27th Annual Conference for the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists
Inman-Bamber NG, Attard SJ & Spillman MF (0) Can lodging be controlled through irrigation? 26th Annual Conference for the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists
Maheshwari BL (0) Urban Irrigation: understanding issues and research needs National Workshop of Role of Irrigation in Urban Water Conservation - Opportunities and Challenges
Misra RK, Fuentes S & Raine SR (0) Recent developments and strategies in the use of plant indicators for irrigation scheduling Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Raine SR, Purcell J & Schmidt E (0) Improving whole farm and infield irrigation efficiencies using Irrimate TM tools. Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Sands J, & Jerdan L (0) Studies carried out on the use of recycled water at Indooroopilly Golf Course Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Sands J, & Blackall P (0) Monitoring of irrigation with reclaimed water on tree and vine crops Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Stirzaker RJ, Sunassee S & Wilkie J (0) Monitoring water, nitrate and salt on farm: a comparison of methods Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Stirzaker R (0) Irrigation scheduling with measurement control – set and forget or live and learn National Workshop on Role of Irrigation in Urban Water Conservation - Opportunities and Challenges
Stirzaker R (0) Obstacles to the adoption of irrigation scheduling Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Waterhouse T (0) Water conservation in urban landscapes – issues and challenges for irrigation equipment manufacturers National Workshop on Role of Irrigation in Urban Water Conservation –Opportunities and Challenges
White SC and Raine SR (0) Identifying the potential to apply deficit irrigation strategies in cotton using large mobile irrigation machines 4th International Crop Science Conference
Williams D (0) Open Hydroponics – Basic introduction to this holistic view of fertigation and irrigation management Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Williams D (0) Utilizing key checks to identify irrigation farm components that require improvements in water use efficiency Irrigation Association of Australia National Conference
Khatri, K.L. & Smith R.J. (0) Toward real-time control model for management of surface irrigation in Australia. International Conference on Advances: In the Internet, Processing, Systems and Interdisciplinary Research.
Annandale, J.G., Steyn, J.M., Benadé, N., Jovanovic, N.Z., Stevens, J.B., Stirzaker, R.J. and Backeberg, G.R. (0) Irrigation scheduling with the SWB model – from theory to practice. International Commission for Irrigation and Drainage
Baillie, C.P. and Raine., S.R. (0) Strategies for maximising sugarcane yield with limited water in the Bundaberg district In Proceedings of the 2005 ANCID Conference
Cook, F.J., Knight, J.H. and Wooding, R.A. (0) Steady groundwater flow to drains on a sloping bed: Comparison of solutions based on Boussinesq equation and Richards equation MODSIM 2005 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
Cook, F.J., Schilizzi, S., Campbell, A.P., Asseng, S., Wardell-Johnson, A., Rixon, A.J., Su, X., Nancarrow, B., Carlin, G.D. (0) Uncertainty in modelling human-landscape interactions. MODSIM 2005 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation.
Devi, B., Maheshwari, B. and Simmons, B. (0) Rainwater harvesting for residential irrigation: how sustainable is it in urban context? XII International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
Devi, B., Maheshwari, B. and Simmons, B. (0) Understanding the Value of Urban Green Space The Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Gillies, M., Smith, R.J., and Raine, S.R (0) Is it possible to extract infiltration rates from variable inflow irrigation? Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Humphreys, E., O’Neill, C.J. and Fawcett, B.J. (0) Does high pressure irrigation save water in maize production? the 2006 Water to Gold Conference
Khatri, K.L., Smith, R.J. and Raine, S.R. (0) Real time control of surface irrigation: managing infiltration variations and enhancing furrow irrigation performance the Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Maheshwari, B. and Connellan, G. (0) Urban Irrigation in Australia - Its performance and sustainability. the Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Maskey, R. and Bethune, M. (0) Linkages between farmers, extension and research: learnings from the 'efficient irrigation project In Linking the Sciences of Research and Extension
Maskey, R., Lavis, A., Bethune, M. and Lawler, D. (0) Linkages between farmers, extension and research the 2005 ANCID Conference
Matthews, C.J., Knight, J.H., Braddock, R.D. and Cook, F.J. (0) The effect of heat on the diversion length of capillary barriers MODSIM 2005 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand
Matthews, C.J., Knight, J.H., Cook, F.J. and Braddock, R.D. (0) Using analytical solutions for homogenous soils to assess numerical solutions for layered soil MODSIM 2005 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand
McCarthy, C.L., Hancock, N.H., and Raine, S.R. (0) A preliminary evaluation of machine vision sensing of cotton nodes for automated irrigation control the Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
McGarry, D., Gunawardena, T.A., Gardner, E.A. and Millar, G. (0) Deep Drainage under irrigated cotton – surface and groundwater implications the Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Meyer, W., Barton, A. and Beswick, A. (0) Standardising and using crop and turf Et for better water management the Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
North, S. (0) Improving water use efficiency in southern irrigated cropping systems Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
O’Neill, C.J., Humphreys, E., Katupitiya, A. and Fawcett, B.J. (0) Comparison of three irrigation methods for maize in Coleambally, NSW Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Qassim, A., Bethune, M. and Dunin, F. (0) Monitoring of sprinkler irrigation for perennial pasture production in northern Victoria 2005 ANCID Conference
Raine, S.R. (0) The future of irrigation technologies and practices is here now. Keynote address Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Schwecke, M., Simmons, B. and Maheshwari, B. (0) Sustainable use of stormwater for irrigation: A case study of Manly Golf Course Environmental Research Event
Smith, P. and Jessen, M. (0) Centre Pivot Irrigators: Traps for Operators and Installers Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Smith, P. and Christie, J. (0) Practical Irrigation Scheduling of Pastures under Centre Pivot Irrigators Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Stirzaker, R.J., Stevens, J.B., Annandale, J.G., Steyn, J.M. and Backeberg, G. (0) Starting a dialogue between irrigators and scientists – lessons learnt from a simple wetting front detector International Commission for Irrigation and Drainage
Stirzaker, R.J. (0) Saving Water and Adaptive Management: reducing data to the minimum Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Su, X.F., Asseng, S., Campbell, A.P., Cook, F.J., Schilizzi, S., Nancarrow, B., Poole, M., Carlin, G. and Brockman, P. (0) Incorporating capacities and constraints into a conceptual framework to study farmer and land use change MODSIM 2005 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand
Yiasoumi, B (0) The Waterwiseon the Farm Programfor Sydney Basin CLDB farmers Irrigation Australia 2006 Conference
Schwecke, M., B. Simmons, Maheshwari, B (0) Sustainable Use of Stormwater for Irrigation: A Case Study of Manly Golf Course. 9th Annual Environmental Research Event, Hobart, Tasmania
Schwecke, M. and B. Simmons (0) Sustainability of Stormwater Use for Golf Course Irrigation Enviro 06 Conference and Exhibition
Schwecke, M., B. Simmons., Maheshwari, B (0) Understanding Community Awareness of the Use of Alternative Water Sources for Irrigation of Golf Courses in Urban Landscapes ANCID 2006 National Conference and Exhibition
Devasirvatham, V. and Cornish, P.S. (0) Precision application of water for peri-urban horticulture
Devi, B., Sofoulis, Z. and Williams, C. (0) Putting the users into end use analysis: rethinking residential landscape water demand management Proceedings of the 'In the Pipeline' Symposium
Media:
- Award winning irrigation software could save 800 gigalitres a year
- More bucks from every drop for citrus growers
- Study busts water saving myths
- Waste not, want not: how better urban irrigation planning can stop H2O going down the gurgler
Researchers:
Dr Ian Goodwin
Ms Deborah Atkins
Ass Prof Basant Maheshwari
Mr Bruce Simmons
Mr David Russell
Prof Peter Cornish
Prof Steven Raine
Prof Rod Smith
Dr Rabi Misra
Mr Erik Schmidt
Ass Prof Nigel Hancock
Mr David Pezzaniti
Mr Rob Stevens
Mr Peter Smith
Mr Bill Yiasoumi
Mr Graeme Sanderson
Mr Saud Akbar
Mr Sam North
Mr Steve Falivene
Mr David Williams
Dr Geoff Inman-Bamber
Mr Stephen Attard
Ms Sarah Connolly
Dr Evan Christen
Dr Richard Stirzaker
Mr Alan Beswick
Mr Joseph Foley
Postgraduate Students:




INFLO

Book release Picturing Fresh Water Justice in Rural Australia

Image

 
CRC Irrigation FuturesCRC Australia

home | about us
publication | toolkits | workshops | publication | our people | research | education

© Site designed by StraliaWeb 2007