CRC Irrigation Futures
Water Cycle Management
Leader:
Prof Hector Malano
Project Description:
Water Cycle Management involves modelling and specifying the hydrological characteristics of the region and is used to describe and analyse the entire water cycle in the catchment. This analysis permits the identification of opportunities in the water cycle which could yield productive as well as environmental benefits.

OBJECTIVES
Identify opportunities in the regional water cycle which could lead to improved water productivity as well as environmental benefits.

STRATEGIES
  • Development of conceptual models for each region to explain the hydrogeology and biophysical environment of the region
  • Quantify the hydrological characteristics of the regions with particular emphasis on water (quantity) and material fluxes (quality).
  • Region specific modelling framework of the water cycle to analyse and identify opportunities for improving water productivity as well as environmental outcomes.
  • Progress to Date:
    JUNE 2009 UPDATE

    The System Harmonisation water cycle research has characterised and described the hydrological system using three dimensional (3-D) conceptual modelling in the research regions. The first versions of 3-D models have been completed for Western Sydney, Coleambally, Macintyre Brook and Limestone Coast and in their static form were presented at workshops within each region. These models depict the hydrogeology of the regions by illustrating the geologic formations, hydrological flows, capacity of aquifers and surface-groundwater and the agricultural and environmental interactions. Selected capabilities of the 3-D model will be linked to various water cycle models to provide enhanced dynamic visualisation of modelling results.

    The key second phase of the sub-program involves the construction and evaluation of the system’s stocks and flows. In this phase we are essentially populating the 3-D conceptual models and accounting for all water supplies and uses. Data collection and the development of databases have now been completed for the four regions. This data forms a baseline assessment and allows the development, calibration and validation of models to be used in the following phase of the water cycle research. From an initial assessment of the water balance important insights into the current use of the water resources have been revealed. For example, it has been possible to identify some preliminary opportunities to effect productivity and environmental gains. This phase brought to a conclusion the water cycle analysis in the Limestone Coast region. Novel combinations of advanced approaches to perform irrigated land suitability assessment using a series of models have been developed. These approaches integrate fuzzy logic, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA) and Cellular Automata (CA) in a GIS environment.

    The study has generated further research into multi-criteria based spatial analysis of potential irrigation expansion in the south-east of South Australia. The toolset has also been applied to regional scale studies in the Macintyre Brook catchment of Queensland. Many presentations about this research have been given at externally reviewed international conferences and several papers have been published in international journals and conference proceedings. The study has also attracted an international visiting scientist and PhD student to conduct research in this field (both fully sponsored by the Chinese government and university).

    FUTURE DIRECTIONS

    The third phase of the water cycle research will involve exploration of modelling frameworks to test and analyse future regional System Harmonisation strategies. This phase has begun in Western Sydney with the identification of basic scenarios by stakeholders in the catchment and the conceptualization of the model components. The key scenarios include significant changes in the land use pattern in the catchment resulting from large increases in urban development in the next decade. Modelling of the System Harmonisation futures in the region will involve two key capabilities: impacts of land use changes on catchment runoff and substitution of recycled water for potable water.

    The modelling framework formulated for the Coleambally region was also developed to address the key objectives of the regional stakeholders and hinges on three main areas: Surface-groundwater interactions based on the use of SWAGMAN DESTINY, MODFLOW groundwater modelling assessing the impact of future adjustments to farming practices occasioned by reduced allocation brought about by climate change, by the Federal Government’s buyback scheme, or by changes in cropping on the seasonality of flows in the Murrumbidgee river. The first two elements of the framework are now in progress with the basic SWAGMAN model set up nearing completion.

    A comprehensive modelling framework has been conceptualised for Macintyre Brook and is the subject of the current stakeholder consultation. This will determine the future research direction in this region to deal with potential environmental, economic and social impacts associated with changing the access to water diversions in the Murray Darling Basin.
    Publications:
    Author Title and Refereed Journal
    Etchells, T., Malano, H.M. and McMahon, T.A. (2006) Overcoming third party effects from water trading in the Murray-Darling Basin Water Policy
    Khanna M & Malano H (2006) Modelling of Basins Irrigation Systems: A Review Journal of Agricultural Water Management
    Malana NM & Malano H (2006) Benchmarking productive efficiency of selected wheat areas on Pakistan and India using data envelopment analysis Irrigation and Drainage
    Khan S, Akhtar A (2007) Upscaling water savings from farm to irrigation system level using GIS based agro-hydrological modelling Irrigation and Drainage
    Khan S, O'Connell N, Rana T & Xevi E (2007) Hydrologic-economic model for managing irrigation intesity in irrigation areas for watertable and soil salinity targets Environmental Modelling and Assessment
    Khan S (2007) Equivalent Cropping Area and Whole Farm Water Balance Approaches to Reduce Net Recharge to Shallow Saline Groundwater from rice based cropping systems Paddy and Water Environment
    Khan S, Asghar M.N. & Rana T (2007) Characterising Groundwater Dynamics Based on Impact of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent Irrigation and Climate Variability Water, Air & Soil Pollution
    George B, Malano H, Davidson A, Turral H (2006) Development of a GIS based data collection and software utility for asset managment Water Asset Management Internations
    Elmahdi, A., Malano, H. and Etchells, T. (2007) Using system dynamics to model water reallocation Environmentalist
    Elmahdi, A., Malano, H., and Khan, S. (2006) Using a system dynamics approach to model sustainability indicator for the irrigation system – Australia Natural Resource Modelling
    Asghar, M.N., Khan, S. and Mushtaq, S. (2008) Management of treated pulp and paper to achieve zero discharge. Environmental Management
    Hafeez, M. M., Bouman, B. A. M., Van de Giesen, N., Mushtaq, S., Vlek, P. and Khan, S (2008) Water Reuse and Cost-Benefit of Pumping at Different Spatial Levels in a Rice Irrigation System in UPRIIS, Philippines Physics & Chemistry of the Earth
    Hughes, J. D., Khan, S., Crosbie, R. S., Helliwell, S., and Michalk, D. L. (2007) Runoff and solute mobilization processes in a semiarid headwater catchment Water Resource Research
    Khan, S. (2007) Equivalent cropping area and whole farm water balance approaches to reduce net recharge to shallow saline groundwater from rice based cropping systems Paddy and Water Environment
    Khan, S., Abbas, A., Blackwell, J., Gabriel, H. F. and Ahmad, A (2007) Hydrogeological assessment of serial biological concentration of salts to manage saline drainage Agricultural Water Management
    Khan, S., Ahmad, A. and Wang, B. (2007) Quantifying rainfall and flooding impacts on ground-water levels in irrigation areas: a GIS approach Journal of Irrigation and Drainage
    Khan, S., Asghar, M. N. and Rana, T. (2007) Characterizing groundwater dynamics based on impact of pulp and paper mill effluent irrigation and climate variability Water, Air and Soil Pollution
    Khan, S., Mushtaq, S., Hanjra, M. A., and Schaeffer, J (2008) Estimating Potential Costs and Gains From An Aquifer Storage and recovery Program in Australia Agricultural Water Management
    Khan, S., Mushtaq, S., Luo, Y., Dawe, D., Hafeez, M. and Rana, T. (2007) Conjunctive water management options: examples from economic assessment of system-level water saving through Liuyuankou Irrigation System, China Irrigation and Drainage
    Khan, S., O’Connel, N., Rana, T., and Xevi, E., (2008) Hydrologic-economic model for managing irrigation intensity in irrigation areas under watertable and soil salinity targets Environmental Modelling and Assessment
    Khan, S., Rana, T., Hanjra, M. A. (2008) A cross disciplinary framework for linking farms with regional groundwater and salinity management targets Agricultural Water Management
    Narayan, K., Schleeberger, C. and Bristow. K. L.. (2007) Modelling seawater intrusion in the Burdekin Delta aquifer, North Queensland, Australia. Agric Water Management
    Horne, A., Purkey, A. and McMahon, T.A. (2008) Purchasing water for the environment in unregulated systems – what can we learn from the Columbia Basin? Australian Journal of Water Resources
    Thayalakumaran, T., Bristow, K. L., Charlesworth, P. B. and Fass, T (2008) Geochemical Conditions in Groundwater systems: Implications for the attenuation of agricultural nitrate Agricultural Water Management,
    Asghar, M.N., Ullah, M.K. and Hafeez, M.M (2008) A simple approach for regulating saline groundwater inflows to natural streams in irrigated agricultural areas Irrigation and Drainage Systems
    Berrisford, M., Argent, R. and Malano, H (2009) Causes and Consequences of Unutilised Irrigation Orders in the Central River Murray Area . Water Resources Management
    Zaman, A., Malano, H. and Davidson, B. (2008) An integrated water trading–allocation model, applied to a water market in Australia. Agricultural Water Management
    Chen, Y. , Khan, S. , Paydar, Z. (2010) To retire or expand? A fuzzy GIS-based spatial multi-criteria evaluation framework for irrigated agriculture. Irrigation and Drainage,
    Chen, Y. , Yu, J. , Khan, S. (2010) Spatial sensitivity analysis of multi-criteria weights in GIS-based land suitability evaluation. Environmental Modelling and Software,
    Horne, A., Stewardson, M., Freebairn, J., Mcmahon, T.A. (2010) Using an economic framework to inform management of environmental entitlements. River Research and Applications,
    Jackson, T., Khan, S. & Hafeez, M. (2010) A comparative analysis of water application and energy consumption at the irrigated field level’, Agricultural Water Management,
    Malano, H. & Davidson, B. (2009) A framework for assessing the trade-offs between economic and environmental uses of water in a river basin. Irrigation and Drainage,
    Sikandar, P., Bakhsh, A., Arshad, M., Rana, T. (2010) The use of vertical electrical sounding resistivity method for the location of low salinity groundwater for irrigation in Chaj and Rachna Doabs. Environmental Earth Sciences,
    Author Title and Report
    Elmahdi, A. (2008) Is underground the new water storage solution Irrigation Australia Journal
    Horne, A. Purkey, A and McMahon, T. A. (2008) Purchasing water for the environment in unregulated systems – what can we learn from the Columbia Basin? Australian Journal of Water Resources
    Khan, S., Akbar, S., Rana, T., Abbas, A., Robinson, D., Paydar, Z., Dassanayke, D., Hirsi, I., Blackwell, J., Xevi, E., & Carmichael, A. (2005) Off-and-on farm savings of irrigation water. Murrumbidgee Valley water efficiency feasibility project
    Berrisford, M. (2008) Predicting and Storing Unutilised Irrigation Orders for Environmental Benefit
    Elmahdi, A. (2008) A Systems Approach to Improve Water Productivity and Environmental Performance at the Catchment Level
    Watt, J. (2008) The Effect of Irrigation on Surface-Ground Water Interactions: Quantifying Time Dependent Spatial Dynamics in Irrigation Systems
    Horne, A. (2009) An Approach to Efficiently Managing Environmental Water Allocations. PhD Thesis, University of Melbourne.
    Jackson, T. (2009) An appraisal of the on-farm water and energy nexus in irrigated agriculture. PhD Thesis, Charles Sturt University.
    Lovell, D. (2009) Conjunctive management of groundwater and surface water resources in the Upper Ovens River Valley. Masters Thesis, University of Melbourne.
    Maheshwari, B. & Simmons, B. (0) Regional partnerships address water security in Western Sydney. Irrigation Australia Journal
    Malano, H. George, B. Davidson, B. Bharati, L. & Samad, M. (2009) Water Allocation in the Krishna River Basin to Improve Water Productivity in Agriculture.
    Singh, R., Maheshwari, B. & Malano, H.M. (2009) Understanding the Water Cycle of the South Creek Catchment in Western Sydney Part II: Catchment Water Balance Modelling. CRC for Irrigation Futures Technical Report No. 05-2/09.
    Singh, R. Nawarathna, B. Simmons, B. Maheshwari, B. & Malano, H. (2010) Understanding the Water Cycle of the South Creek, Catchment in Western Sydney, Part I: Catchment Description and Preliminary Water Balance Analysis. CRC for Irrigation Futures Technical Report No 05-1/09.
    Author Title and Published Conference Paper or Workshop Paper
    Berrisford M, Malano H & Argent R (0) A review of rejected irrigation orders 30th Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium
    Elmahdi A, Malano H, Etchells T (0) System Dynamics and Two ways calibration methods for NSM Model - Murrumbidgee Environment Working Together - A multi disciplinary approach
    George B, Biggs T, Huang J, Malano H, Gaur A, Davidson A (0) Assessment of water resources in the Musi Basin 2nd international conference on hydrology and watershed management
    Lowe L, Etchells T, Nathan R, Potter B, Malano H (0) Robust water accounting; what is it? 30th Hydrology and water resources symposium
    Zaman A, Jones M, Etchells T, Malano H, Davidson A (0) Factors affecting irrigation water demand in water allocation models 30th Hydrology and water resources symposium
    Khan S, Yufeng L, Ahmad A (0) System Dynamics Modelling for water savings and conjunctive water management Asian Simulation and modelling conference ASIMMOD
    Hafeez M and Khan S (0) mapping of actual evapotranspiration over regional scale using NOAA/AVHRR satellite data 13th Australasian remote sensing conference
    Fullagar I, Allan C, Khan S (0) Managing across groundwater and surface water: an Australian 'conjunctive licence' illustration of allocating and planning issues Ground water and surface water under stress: competition, interaction, solutions: - USCID Water managment conference
    Khan, S. and Rana, T. (0) Multidisciplinary education for civil engineers working in the water sector: introduction to hydrology for environment, life and policy (HELP) initiative international Civil Engineering Education Congress
    Jackson, T., Watt, J., Hirsi, I. and Khan, S. (0) The effect of integrated surface-ground water management on surface-ground water interactions and energy consumption in irrigation systems Proceedings ANCID 2006 National Conference and Exhibition
    Watt, J. and Khan, S. (0) Do surface-ground water interactions matter in integrated water resource management? River Symposium
    Abbas, A. and Khan, S (0) Using Remote Sensing Techniques for Appraisal of Irrigated Soil Salinity Social AlternativesInternational Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Ahmad. A., Khan, S., Rana. T,. (0) System Dynamics Approach for Modelling Seasonality of River Flows International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Chen, Y., Khan, S. and Paydar, Z. (0) Irrigation Intensification or Extensification Assessment Using Spatial Modelling in GIS International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Conrad, C., Dech, S. W., Hafeez, M., Lamers, J. and Tischbein, B. (0) Remote Sensing Based Hydrological Modeling for Irrigation Performance Assessment in the Lower Reaches of the Amu Darya River in Central Asia MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Devi, B. (0) Irrigation Australia
    Hafeez, M., Khan, S. and Mushtaq, S. (0) Re-use and Cyclic Use of Water Saving in Rice Cultivation in Gravity Irrigation system of Philippines. MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Hafeez, M. M., Khan, S. and Mushtaq, S. (0) ). Scale effects on Water Use Efficiency and Productivity: A Case Study from UPRIIS MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Hafeez, M., Khan, S., Song, K. and Rabbani, U. (0) Spatial Mapping of Actual Evapotranspiration and Soil Moisture in the Murrumbidgee Catchment: Examples from National Airborne Field Experimentation International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Hirsi, I., Khan, S. and Hanjra, M. A. (0) Insights into achieving potential benefits from irrigation through conjunctive water management under crop salinity tolerance constraints Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting
    Horne, A., Freebairn J., McMahon. T, A., and Stewardson , M. (0) Environmental Response Curves – A First Step in Developing Environmental Demand Curves. Water Down Under
    Jackson, T. M., Khan, S. and Ahmad, A. (0) Exploring Energy Productivity for a Groundwater Dependent Irrigated Farm Using a System Dynamics Approach International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Jackson, T. M., Khan, S. and Hafeez, M. (0) A framework for evaluating the consumption patterns and environmental impacts of irrigation methods 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Irrigation 2008
    Khan, S., and Ahmad, A. (0) System Dynamics Analysis of a Land Based Stream Salinity Management Approach MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Khan, S., Ahmad, A., and Saeed, Z. (0) Ocean Based Statistical Forecasts for Seasonal Irrigation Allocations MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Khan, S. and Hafeez, M. (0) Spatial Mapping of Water Productivity in Irrigation System Using Geo-information Techniques MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Khan, S., Rana, T. and Dassanayake, D (0) Quantitative Assessment of Channel Seepage Using the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Approach. MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Abbas, A., Ahmad, A. and Akbar, S. (0) Understanding surface-ground water connectivity using water balance and geoelectrical resistivity techniques 18th World IMACS / MODSIM Congress
    Mu, J. and Khan, S. (0) Stochastic Analysis of Water Supply and Demand at the River Basin Level MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Rana, T., Khan, S. and Rahimi, M. (0) Optimisation of Spatio-Temporal Aspects of Drainage MODSIM, International Congress on Modeling and Simulation
    Schwecke, M., Simmons, B., Maheshwari, B. and Ramsay, G. (0) Integrating alternative water sources in urbanised environments In Sustainable Irrigation: Management Technologies and Policies II
    Song, K. S., Liu, D. W., Wang, Z. M., Khan, S., Hafeez, M. and Mu, J. X. (0) A Study on the Wetland Dynamic and Its Relation with Cropland Reclamation in Sanjiang Plain, China MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Watt, J. and Khan, S. (0) The Use of Geophysics to Model Channel Seepage MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Watt, J., Khan, S. and Abbas, A. (0) Using Electrical Resistivity to Model Channel Seepage From Irrigation Canals Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems
    Xevi, E. and Khan, S. (0) A STEP Method Based Multiple Objective Methodology for Irrigation Water Management to Model Preferences and Tradeoffs MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Xevi, E. and Khan, S. (0) Integrating GIS and Modelling of Soil Water and Crop Production MODSIM, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation
    Singh, R., Simmons, B., Maheshwari, B., Nawarathna, B. and Malano, H.M. (0) Reconciliation of Future Water Demand and Supply in Western Sydney, Australia International Conference on Water, Environment, Energy and Society
    Song, K., Li, D., and Hafeez M.M. (0) Impact of Land use change on actual crop water consumption using optical-thermal satellite data : A case study from Sanjiang plain, China Geophysical Union Fall Conference
    Hafeez, M.M. (0) Mapping and Monitoring of Drought Severity in Murrumbidgee Catchment Using Optical-Thermal Satellite Data International River Symposium
    Lenahan, M.J. and Bristow, K.L. (0) Long-term Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions in the Lower Burdekin, North Queensland, Australia West. Pac. Geophys. Meet. Suppl
    Ahmad, M. Abbas, A. Xevi, E & Foley, J. (0) Understanding spatial patterns of actual evapotranspiration at different crop growth stages using Landsat TM imagery: An example from Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area. Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Akbar, S. Grewal, H. Maheshwari, B. & Simmons, B. (0) Spatial and Temporal Variation in Water Flows and Contaminants in a Peri-urban Waterway - A Case Study of South Creek, Western Sydney. Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Barr, A. Xevi, E. Ahmad, M. Chen, Y. Beuttikofer, H & Kirby, M. (0) What happens to groundwater recharge in the Coleambally Irrigation Area? Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Hafeez, M. (0) How well might remote sensed ET work for irrigation scheduling? Irrigation Australia Conference ‘Irrigation Today: Meeting the Challenge’.
    Jackson, T. Khan, S. & Hafeez, M. (0) Finding the balance: Comparing water, energy and emissions patterns for irrigation in surface and ground water dependent irrigation regions. Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Kellett, B. & Meyer, W. (0) Climate change as irrigator manage: Prescriptions for long term landscape and community health. Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Khan S & Malano H. (0) Integrated modelling approaches to support water resource decision making: Crossing the chasm. The 18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation.
    Latu, K. Malano, H. Costelloe, J. & Etchells, T. (0) Dynamic and Robust Approach for Estimating of the Environmental Risk of a River Basin. Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Lovell, D. Malano, H. & Costelloe, J. (0) Conjunctive management of groundwater and surface water resources in the Upper Ovens River Valley. Irrigation Australia Conference ‘Irrigation Today: Meeting the Challenge’.
    Malano, H. Nawarathna, B. & George, B. (0) Understanding the water cycle: why is it important? Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Nawarathna, B. Malano, H. Maheshwari, B. & Simmons, B. (0) Water cycle modelling for system harmonisation in the South Creek Peri-urban Catchment. Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Nawarathna, B. Malano, H. Jackson, T. & Xevi, E. (0) Water Cycle Modelling for System Harmonisation in the Coleambally Irrigation Area. Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Singh, R. Maheshwari, B. & Simmons, B. (0) Modelling hydrological impacts of water cycle management activities in a peri-urban catchment. Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Singh, R. Maheshwari, B. & Malano, H. (0) Developing a conceptual model for water accounting in peri-urban catchments. The 18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation.
    Singh, R. Maheshwari, B. & Malano, H. (0) Modelling peri-urban water cycle. Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Walton, B. Nawarathna, B. George, B. & Malano, H. (0) Future water supply and demand assessment in peri-urban catchments using system dynamics approach. The 18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation.
    Watt, J. & Khan, S. (0) Can we find and measure surface-ground water interactions? Australian Irrigation Conference 2010: One Water Many Futures,
    Yee,M. George, B. Nawarathna, B. Malano, H. & Parthasaradhi, G. (0) Assessing water security across the Krishna River Basin. The 18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation.
    Author Title and Book or Book Chapter
    Khan S (2006) Economic and institutional considerations for irrigation water savings Agricultural Water Management in ChinaAgricultural Water Management in ChinaAustralian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
    Hafeez M and Khan S (2006) Tracking Fallow irrigation water losses using remote-sensing techniques: a case study from the Liuyuankou Irrigation system China Agricultural Water Management in ChinaACIAR
    Khan S, Mu J, Hu Y, Rana T, Gao Z (2006) Evaluating system-level impacts of alternative water-savings options Agricultural Water Management in ChinaACIAR
    Luo Y, Khan S, Cui Y, Zhang Z, Zhu X (2006) Sustainable irrigation water management in the lower yellow river basin: a system dynamics approach Agricultural Water Management in ChinaACIAR
    Jayawardane NS., Gao Z., Blackwell J., Christen EW., Khan S., Cheng X., Cook F., Biswas T., Zhang J., Meng G (2006) The potential use of FILTER technology for treatment and reuse of wastewater in China Agricultural Water Management in ChinaACIAR
    George B, Huang J, Malano H (2006) Improving quality and sustainabilty of irrigation delivery services in china: the case of the Zhanghe Irrigation System Agricultural Water Management in ChinaACIAR
    Keremane, G.B. (2005) Rainwater Harvesting Water EncyclopaediaJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Asghar, M.N. (2005) Irrigation Wells Water Encyclopedia, Volume 3: Surface and Agricultural WaterJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Asghar, M.N. (2005) Skimmed Groundwater Water Encyclopedia, Volume 3: Surface and Agricultural WaterJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Asghar, M.N. (2005) Sprinkler Irrigation Water Encyclopedia, Volume 3: Surface and Agricultural WaterJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Media Releases:
    - Water wise future: New agreement heralds closer cooperation
    - Research breaks down barriers to sustainable water
    Researchers:
    Ass Prof Basant Maheshwari
    Prof Hector Malano
    Mr Glen Starkey
    Mr Saud Akbar
    Mr Robert Hoogers
    Dr Emmanuel Xevi
    Dr John Louis
    Dr Zahra Paydar
    Dr Kumar Narayan
    Ass Prof Mohsin Hafeez
    Mr Jason Carroll
    Dr Akhtar Abbas
    Dr Matthew Collins
    Dr Bandara Nawarathna
    Dr Ranvir Singh
    Dr Nadeem Asghar
    Dr Harsharn Singh Grewal
    Mr Gavin Beveridge
    Mr Heinz Buettikofer
    Postgraduate Students:
    Workshops:
    - Annual Research Forum 2008 - Presentations
    - Annual Research Forum 2008 - Poster Session
    Toolkits:
    Training:
    INFLO

    Feature paper: Potential for monolayers to reduce evaporation

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